Sonbhadra is the 2nd largest district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The district has an area of 6788 km² and a population of 1,463,468 (2001 census), with a population density of 216 persons per km². It lies in the extreme southeast of the state, and is bounded by Mirzapur District to the northwest, Chandoli District to the north, Kaimur and Rohtas districts of Bihar state to the northeast, Garhwa district of Jharkhand state to the east, Koriya and Surguja districts of Chhattisgarh state to the south, and Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh state to the west. The district headquarters is in the town of Robertsganj. It is the only district in India which borders four states namely Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Bihar. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.
Sonbhadra is located in Uttar Pradesh. The district is divided into three tehsils which are known as Robertsganj, Ghorawal, and Duddhi. The culture and the beliefs of the local people of Sonbhadra has its roots in its major state, Uttar Pradesh. The overall culture of the state plays a significant role for determining the culture of the district. However, there is some customization which is seen while following the customs and rituals. Each district rather each family has made changes in their traditions as per the time and knowledge acquired over the times.
Culture of Sonbhadra
The district of Sonbhadra is known for its several Cave painting sites found in the Vindhya region. The Lakhania caves are located in the Kaimur ranges and are known for their beautiful ageless rock paintings. These historic paintings are about 4000 years old and bring to life the culture and belief of an era gone by. Khodwa Pahar or Ghoramangar is another well-known ancient cave painting site. The region also has two dams, the Rihand dam and the Barkandhara dam. You can also see the Lorika Rock, which is a historic colossal rock.